Most Commonly Injured Organ In Blunt Abdominal Trauma

Most commonly injured organ in blunt abdominal traumaPatient presents status post blunt abdominal trauma resulting in AAST grade 5 liver laceration and CT with concern for active extravasation. • The liver is the second most commonly injured organ in blunt trauma • Trauma is leading cause of death in patients < 45 y.o. Liver Laceration Active Extravasation Gelfoam Embolization

Frequency causes and pattern of abdominal trauma a 4

What Happens During Blunt Abdominal Trauma?

Blunt abdominal trauma can cause damage to the internal organs, resulting in internal bleeding, cause contusions, or injuries to the bowel, spleen, liver,  and intestines. Patients can also present with extra-abdominal injuries such as extremity injuries.

What Is The Most Commonly Injured Organ In The Abdomen?

In approximate order of frequency, the most commonly injured abdominal organs and structures are the spleen, liver, kidneys, small bowel and/or mesentery, bladder, colon and/or rectum, diaphragm, pancreas, and major vessels ( 3 ), and multiple organs are often affected simultaneously.

What Are The Most Common Types Of Blunt Abdominal Trauma?

Pelvic fracture is another common injury seen in blunt abdominal trauma. Depending on the kind of pelvic fracture, pelvic blood vessels can shear leading to retroperitoneal bleeding and significant blood loss. With GSWs, small intestine and colonic injuries are most common whereas with SWs, liver injuries are predominant.

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What Types Of Injuries Are Associated With Intra-Abdominal Trauma?

Injuries associated with intra-abdominal trauma include rib fractures, vertebral fractures, pelvic fractures, and injuries to the abdominal wall. Motor vehicle collisions are a common source of blunt abdominal trauma.

What Organ Is Most Commonly Injured In Blunt Abdominal Trauma?

The liver is the most commonly injured organ in blunt abdominal trauma and the second most commonly injured organ in penetrating abdominal trauma [ 3-6 ]. The liver is a highly vascular organ located in the right upper quadrant ( figure 1) of the abdomen and is susceptible to injury from traumatic mechanisms.

What Are Blunt Trauma Injuries?

Blunt trauma. Blunt trauma, blunt injury, non-penetrating trauma or blunt force trauma is physical trauma to a body part, either by impact, injury or physical attack. The latter is usually referred to as blunt force trauma. Blunt trauma is the initial trauma, from which develops more specific types such as contusions, abrasions,…

What Is Blunt Force Trauma To The Abdomen?

Intra-abdominal injuries secondary to blunt force are attributed to collisions between the injured person and the external environment and to acceleration or deceleration forces acting on the person’s internal organs. Blunt force injuries to the abdomen can generally be explained by 3 mechanisms.

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What Is The Most Commonly Injured Organ In Blunt Abdominal Trauma?

The spleen is the most commonly injured organ in blunt abdominal trauma, accounting for up to 50% of visceral injuries, and CT is highly accurate in diagnosing splenic injury.

What Are The Most Common Types Of Abdominal Injuries?

Overview of Abdominal Injuries. Blunt trauma may involve a direct blow (for example, a kick), impact with an object (for example, a fall onto bicycle handlebars), or a sudden decrease in speed (for example, a fall from a height or a motor vehicle crash). The spleen and liver are the two most commonly injured organs.

What Are The Most Common Organs Injured In A Penetrating Injury?

The most common organs injured are the small bowel (50%), large bowel (40%), liver (30%), and intra-abdominal vascular (25%). When the injury is close range, there is more kinetic energy than those in Penetrating Abdominal Trauma Review In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2021 Jan. 2021 Aug 27.

What Is A Hollow Organ Abdominal Injury?

Hollow organ abdominal injuries are injuries to the organs with a hollow space, like the esophagus, stomach, and intestines. These organs are less likely to be injured compared to the solid organs. These include the rest of the abdominal organs, such as the liver, spleen, pancreas, and kidneys.

What Is The Most Common Type Of Blunt Trauma?

Blunt abdominal trauma. Blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) represents 75% of all blunt trauma and is the most common example of this injury.

What Are Some Examples Of Blunt Abdominal Trauma?

Blunt abdominal trauma. Blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) comprises 75% of all blunt trauma and is the most common example of this injury. The majority occurs in motor vehicle accidents, in which rapid deceleration may propel the driver into the steering wheel, dashboard, or seatbelt causing contusions in less serious cases,…

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What Is Abdominal Trauma?

Abdominal trauma may involve penetrating or blunt injuries. Penetrating injuries include gunshot and shrapnel injuries, impalements, and knifings. • Penetrating injuries often result in injury to hollow organs, such as the intestines. The liver is the most commonly injured solid organ.

What Is The Best Model For Blunt Abdominal Trauma?

In order to study the specific effects of blunt abdominal trauma on individual organs, injury models for each organ have been used. Such models include those of isolated splenic injuries, isolated hepatic injuries, isolated hollow viscus injuries, renal injuries, and so forth.

What Is An Abdominal Trauma?

Abdominal trauma may involve penetrating or blunt injuries. Penetrating injuries include gunshot and shrapnel injuries, impalements, and knifings. • Penetrating injuries often result in injury to hollow organs, such as the intestines. The liver is the most commonly injured solid organ.

What Are Penetrating And Intra-Abdominal Injuries?

In penetrating injuries, an evisceration (protrusion of internal organs out of a wound) may be present. Injuries associated with intra-abdominal trauma include rib fractures, vertebral fractures, pelvic fractures, and injuries to the abdominal wall. Motor vehicle collisions are a common source of blunt abdominal trauma.

What Is The Mode Of Injury In An Abdominal Injury?

The mode of injury may cause other injuries that can distract attention from more serious problems that are undiagnosed at presentation. There are two types of abdominal trauma: This can result from either compression (secondary to a direct blow or against a fixed external object – eg, a seat belt), or from deceleration forces.

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