Understand The Physiology Of Blunt Chest And Abdominal Trauma

Understand the physiology of blunt chest and abdominal traumaBlunt abdominal trauma is in the top three categories of preventable injuries. These include older adults falls and preventable motor vehicle accidents in teens. Enhancing Healthcare Team Outcomes . Blunt abdominal trauma results in thousands of admission each year, resulting in great costs to the healthcare system. while the actual injury is .

Figure1 4. Pathophysiology of chest trauma blunt or

Understand The Physiology Of Blunt Chest And Abdominal Trauma

Although less frequent, hollow organ rupture in blunt abdominal trauma may occur secondary to shear injuries of the duodenojejunal flexure and ileocecal junction sites. Chest injury patterns accompany blunt abdominal trauma in multisystem traumas relative to the mechanism of injury and severity of abdominal insult.

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What Is The Pathophysiology Of Blunt Abdominal Trauma?

Pathophysiology Blunt abdominal trauma can cause damage to the internal organs, resulting in internal bleeding, cause contusions, or injuries to the bowel, spleen, liver,  and intestines. Patients can also present with extra-abdominal injuries such as extremity injuries.

What Is Blunt Trauma?

Blunt trauma is classified as a force striking the body, and its consequences are dependent on the location of the trauma. The most common cause and location of blunt force trauma in adults are abdomens after motor vehicle accidents. Solid-organ blunt abdominal trauma includes most commonly the liver, but also the spleen, and kidneys.

How Are Blunt Abdominal Injuries Detected And Diagnosed?

Investigations such as the Focused Assessment of Sonography in Trauma (FAST) and Computerised Tomography (CT) scanning can determine the presence of injuries in combination with assessment. Blunt abdominal injuries may be initially difficult to detect if the patient has no signs of external trauma and alteration to their vital signs.

What Is The Classification Of Abdominal Trauma?

Abdominal trauma is classified as blunt or penetrating, assessment and management is modified accordingly Blunt abdominal injuries often managed conservatively, though interventional radiology and surgery are indicated for severe injuries

What Happens During Blunt Abdominal Trauma?

Blunt abdominal trauma can cause damage to the internal organs, resulting in internal bleeding, cause contusions, or injuries to the bowel, spleen, liver,  and intestines. Patients can also present with extra-abdominal injuries such as extremity injuries.

What Are The Most Common Types Of Blunt Abdominal Trauma?

Pelvic fracture is another common injury seen in blunt abdominal trauma. Depending on the kind of pelvic fracture, pelvic blood vessels can shear leading to retroperitoneal bleeding and significant blood loss. With GSWs, small intestine and colonic injuries are most common whereas with SWs, liver injuries are predominant.

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What Is Included In The Evaluation Of Blunt Abdominal Trauma?

The evaluation of a patient with blunt abdominal trauma must be accomplished with the entire patient in mind, with all injuries prioritized accordingly. This implies that injuries involving the head, the respiratory system, or the cardiovascular system may take precedence over an abdominal injury.

What Is The Pathophysiology Of Penetrating Abdominal Trauma?

Penetrating abdominal trauma is most commonly caused by stabbing or gunshot wound. The most commonly injured regions are the small bowel, large bowel, liver, and intra-abdominal vasculature. Over the past few years, the management of patients with penetrating abdominal has changed.

Is Blunt Abdominal Trauma A Diagnostic Challenge For Trauma Surgeons?

Citation: J Trauma. 53 (3): 602-615, September 2002. Evaluation of patients who have sustained blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) may pose a significant diagnostic challenge to the most seasoned trauma surgeon. Blunt trauma produces a spectrum of injury from minor, single-system injury to devastating, multi-system trauma.

How Is Blunt Abdominal Injury Diagnosed?

Blunt abdominal injury was usually diagnosed preoperatively using conventional methods including history, physical examination, and routine laboratory tests and x-rays. Abdominal paracentesis via a Potter needle had an 86% accuracy.

How Is Abdominal Injury Diagnosed In The Evaluation Of Abdominal Trauma?

The diagnosis of abdominal injury by clinical examination is unreliable. Blunt abdominal trauma requires decisive investigation and management. Ultrasound is the investigation of choice in haemodynamically unstable patients. Computed tomography is the investigation of choice in haemodynamically stable patients.

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What Is The Role Of Ct In The Management Of Blunt Abdominal?

Computed tomography of abdomen (CTA) in management of blunt abdominal trauma. J Trauma 30: 410-414 CT is a valuabl e diagnostic modality in hemodynamically stable patients with BAT if performed correctly and interpreted accurately. Patients with ( -)CT should be admitted for observation.

What Are The Types Of Abdominal Trauma?

.) Abdominal trauma is typically also categorized by mechanism of injury: Blunt trauma may involve a direct blow (eg, kick), impact with an object (eg, fall on bicycle handlebars), or sudden deceleration (eg, fall from a height, vehicle crash).

What Is An Abdominal Injury?

Diagnosis reference The abdomen can be injured in many types of trauma; injury may be confined to the abdomen or be accompanied by severe, multisystem trauma. The nature and severity of abdominal injuries vary… read more

What Is Included In The Assessment Of Abdominal Trauma?

Assessment of abdominal trauma requires the identification of immediately life-threatening injuries on primary survey, and delayed life threats on secondary survey. Abdominal trauma is classified as blunt or penetrating, assessment and management is modified accordingly

What Is Type A Liver Injury After Blunt Abdominal Trauma?

Methods: The type of liver injury after blunt abdominal trauma was newly classified as type A when it was along the falciform ligament with involvement of segments IVa/b, III, or II, and type B when there was involvement of segments V-VIII.

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View this video about Brianna Mays – Blunt Chest Trauma/ Trauma Assessment (Duration: 07:48)